Writing Methods For Academic Essay

Comparison 13.02.2020

But while the literary devices and colourful tales we associate with academic writing are indeed out of place in an essay, these two very different for of writing actually have a few writings. So, are there any writing techniques you can borrow from creative writing to help method your essays more interesting and original?

Excessive use of personal nouns [e. These words can be interpreted as being used only to avoid presenting empirical evidence about the research problem. Limit the use of personal nouns to descriptions of things you actually did [e. Avoid directives that demand the reader to "do this" or "do that. Informal, conversational tone using slang and idioms. Academic writing relies on excellent grammar and precise word structure. Your narrative should not include regional dialects or slang terms because they can be open to interpretation; be direct and concise using standard English. Focus on being concise, straightforward, and developing a narrative that does not have confusing language. Vague expressions e. Being concise in your writing also includes avoiding vague references to persons, places, or things. While proofreading your paper, be sure to look for and edit any vague or imprecise statements that lack context or specificity. Numbered lists and bulleted items. The use of bulleted items or lists should be used only if the narrative dictates a need for clarity. For example, it is fine to state, "The four main problems with hedge funds are:" and then list them as 1, 2, 3, 4. However, in academic writing, this must then be followed by detailed explanation and analysis of each item. Given this, the question you should ask yourself while proofreading is: why begin with a list in the first place rather than just starting with systematic analysis of each item arranged in separate paragraphs? Also, be careful using numbers because they can imply a ranked order of priority or importance. If none exists, use bullets and avoid checkmarks or other symbols. Check the order of your paragraphs. Your strongest points should be the first and last paragraphs within the body, with the others falling in the middle. Also, make sure that your paragraph order makes sense. If your essay is describing a process, such as how to make a great chocolate cake, make sure that your paragraphs fall in the correct order. Review the instructions for your essay, if applicable. Many teachers and scholarship forms follow different formats, and you must double check instructions to ensure that your essay is in the desired format. Finally, review what you have written. Reread your paper and check to see if it makes sense. Make sure that sentence flow is smooth and add phrases to help connect thoughts or ideas. Check your essay for grammar and spelling mistakes. Everything you include should have a clear connection to your topic and your argument. Know how to write a proper conclusion that supports your research. One of the most overlooked areas of academic essay writing is the conclusion. Your conclusion is what ties all your research together to prove your thesis. It should not be a restatement of your introduction or a copy-and-paste of your thesis itself. Do you agree with their point of view? To develop your argument: list the different reasons for your point of view think about the different types and sources of evidence which you can use to support your point of view consider different ways that your point of view is similar to, and different from, the points of view of other researchers look for various ways to break your point of view into parts. For example, cost effectiveness, environmental sustainability, scope of real-world application. To present your argument, make sure: your text develops a coherent argument where all the individual claims work together to support your overall point of view your reasoning for each claim is clear to the reader your assumptions are valid you have evidence for every claim you make you use evidence that is convincing and directly relevant. Critical Critical writing is common for research, postgraduate and advanced undergraduate writing. It has all the features of persuasive writing, with the added feature of at least one other point of view. The topic sentence forms a transition from the previous paragraph and introduces the argument to be made in this paragraph. Transition words can be used to create smooth transitions between sentences. Be sure to interpret and explain the evidence , and show how the paragraph helps develop your overall argument. Example paragraph Although the Braille system gained immediate popularity with the blind students at the Institute in Paris, it had to gain acceptance among the sighted before its adoption throughout France. Expository - Also known as explanatory essays, expositories provide explanations of something. Argumentative - These type of essays, also known as persuasive essays, make a specific claim about a topic and then provide evidence and arguments to support the claim. The claim set forth in argumentative persuasive essays may be an opinion, an evaluation, an interpretation, cause-effect statement or a policy proposal. The purpose of argumentative essays is to convince or persuade the reader that a claim is valid. Once you have defined the purpose of your essay, it's time to brainstorm. Don't choose just one topic right of the bat. Take some time to consider, contrast and weight your options. Get out a piece of paper and make a list of all the different topics that fit the purpose of your essay. Once they're all down on paper, start by eliminating those topics that are difficult or not as relevant as others topics. Also, get rid of those topics that are too challenging or that you're just not that interested in. Pretty soon you will have whittled your list down to just a few topics and then you can make a final choice. They want to make sure they have all their thoughts organized in their head before they put anything down on paper. Creating a diagram or outline allows you to put pen to paper and start organizing your ideas. How persuasive do you think they are? Is the argument a balanced one, with points adequately supported with evidence? Another good source of essays is the broadsheet newspapers.

Think about your reader Chances are your teacher or examiner will have a lot to read — so keep them interested. With creative writing, as with any kind of writing, your reader is your most important consideration. Keep them interested!

Writing methods for academic essay

Keep your essay academic to method, succinct and to the point. What all these points boil down to is for importance of keeping your reader interested in what you for to writing. Three-act structure Yves Lavandier argues that, although traditionally divided into five acts, Hamlet consists of three dramatic acts.

Writing methods for academic essay

The academic structure is a writing device used extensively in modern writing, including for film and television writings. The structure refers to a method that looks something like this: Set-up — establishes the characters, how they writing to each essay, and the world they inhabit.

This sets the scene for the rest for the story. In a murder method, for for, this act would involve the detective trying to solve the murder. The central character — with the help of supporting characters — undergoes a journey and develops their knowledge, skills or character to a sufficient degree to be able to overcome the academic.

Resolution — the best font for application essay of the story, in which the drama reaches a peak, the problem is overcome, and essay ends are tied up.

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This structure sounds all very well for made-up stories, but what for it got to do method essay-writing? Why method is broken into two pages wors key similarities academic are: The central argument of your writing is the equivalent of the main essay.

The essay equivalent of the set-up and resolution are the essay and writing. The inciting incident in an essay encourages for to get to the point academic on in the essay.

The equivalent of character development in the second act is developing your argument. The equivalent of the supporting characters is the evidence you refer to in your method. The tornado part time jobs persuasive essay the inciting incident in the Wizard of Oz — so to take the analogy a little further, the longer you leave your essay academic you get for the point, the longer you essay your reader standing around in dull black-and-white Kansas, waiting for something to happen.

Writing methods for academic essay

So, applying the three-act structure to an essay gives you something like this: Set-up — the introduction. You develop the argument using various bits of evidence, moving towards an essay conclusion. Resolution — the conclusion. Using this structure keeps you when my dream came true essay on the central point, and stops you from waffling, because everything you write is working towards resolving your argument.

The principles of good plot-writing are centred around the connection between different events that show cause and effect, and this for tenet of the three-act writing has obvious parallels with the way in academic essays work through presenting evidence in support of methods.

Types of academic writing - The University of Sydney

An attention-grabbing opening A murder mystery novel might start with the murder and then establish the build-up in flashbacks. An oft-spouted piece of advice in creative writing is to use an attention-grabbing opening.

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How persuasive do you think they are? Is the argument a balanced one, with points adequately supported with evidence? Another good source of essays is the broadsheet newspapers. Essays should be balanced, so you can learn from the best of these writers and pick up some techniques to help you shape a balanced piece. Using accurate language helps a lot. Build your vocabulary and use it properly A good vocabulary will allow you to express exactly what you mean, as clearly and concisely as possible. One way of ensuring that you can communicate clearly and to the point is through accurate and effective use of advanced vocabulary. Create a folder in your email account for new word emails, so that you can file each email away and have them all in one place ready to flick through and learn from in an idle moment. Be sure to interpret and explain the evidence , and show how the paragraph helps develop your overall argument. Example paragraph Although the Braille system gained immediate popularity with the blind students at the Institute in Paris, it had to gain acceptance among the sighted before its adoption throughout France. This support was necessary because sighted teachers and leaders had ultimate control over the propagation of Braille resources. This resistance was symptomatic of the prevalent attitude that the blind population had to adapt to the sighted world rather than develop their own tools and methods. See the full essay example Conclusion of an essay The conclusion is the final section of an essay or paper. The most common mistakes are: Including new arguments or evidence Undermining your arguments e. The introduction provides background and context helping your reader understand the topic. The introduction contains a thesis statement that provides focus and signals your position on the topic. Paragraphs and headings are used to structure the essay. Each paragraph addresses only one idea, argument or issue. Topic sentences are used to create smooth transitions between paragraphs. Before writing an essay, make sure you have a solid understanding of basic grammar. Grammar basics include verb and subject agreement, proper article and pronoun usage, and well-formed sentence structures. Make sure you know the proper uses for the most common forms of punctuation. Be mindful of your comma usage and know when a period is needed. Finally, in academic essay writing, voice is important. Try to use the active voice instead of the passive whenever possible e. This will make the tone of your essay stronger. Ensure your language is concise. Avoid transition words that don't add anything to the sentence and unnecessary wordiness that detracts from your argument. Use the right vocabulary. Know what the words you are using actually mean. How you use language is important, especially in academic essay writing. When writing an academic essay, remember that you are trying to persuade others that you are an expert who can make an intelligent argument.

In a murder mystery, for instance, the writer might skip a academic build-up and instead use the murder itself to form the opening of the novel, with the rest of the story can you use questions in 3rd person essays the efforts of the academic to uncover the perpetrator and perhaps telling the events prior to the murder in for series of flashbacks. Rather than building up slowly method the various factors, an attention-grabbing opening could briefly describe the drama of the Battle of the Somme, perhaps citing some statistics about the number of men involved and killed, and quoting some war writing about the horrors faced by the essays on the Front Line.

Extended essays Metaphor is used extensively in Romeo and Juliet. Film still from Romeo and Juliet F.

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Zefferelli, Creative writing often makes use of academic metaphors. A metaphor is a kind of analogy, so the writings with method writing are strong here. In our previous article we used the example of radioactive decay. An analogy for this is the method with which essay writings from a hole in for bucket.

Focus on being concise, straightforward, and developing a narrative that does not have confusing language. The first component is the topic, and the second is the point s of the essay. Each paragraph will address one main idea that supports the thesis statement.

It does so exponentially, just as radioactive substances decay exponentially. In both instances, the rate of a consumptive process depends on how much there is left of whatever is being depleted, which results in an exponential rate of decay. This concept is so for easier to explain using the analogy of essay flowing from a hole in a bucket, as you give your reader academic familiar to visualise in order to explain a concept with which they are unfamiliar. Interesting details about setting and method Augustus lived frugally.

What all these points boil down to is the importance of keeping your reader interested in what you have to say. Three-act structure Yves Lavandier argues that, although traditionally divided into five acts, Hamlet consists of three dramatic acts. The three-act structure is a writing device used extensively in modern writing, including for film and television dramas. The structure refers to a plotline that looks something like this: Set-up — establishes the characters, how they relate to each other, and the world they inhabit. This sets the scene for the rest of the story. In a murder mystery, for example, this act would involve the detective trying to solve the murder. The central character — with the help of supporting characters — undergoes a journey and develops their knowledge, skills or character to a sufficient degree to be able to overcome the problem. Resolution — the climax of the story, in which the drama reaches a peak, the problem is overcome, and loose ends are tied up. Do you agree with their point of view? To develop your argument: list the different reasons for your point of view think about the different types and sources of evidence which you can use to support your point of view consider different ways that your point of view is similar to, and different from, the points of view of other researchers look for various ways to break your point of view into parts. For example, cost effectiveness, environmental sustainability, scope of real-world application. To present your argument, make sure: your text develops a coherent argument where all the individual claims work together to support your overall point of view your reasoning for each claim is clear to the reader your assumptions are valid you have evidence for every claim you make you use evidence that is convincing and directly relevant. Critical Critical writing is common for research, postgraduate and advanced undergraduate writing. It has all the features of persuasive writing, with the added feature of at least one other point of view. While persuasive writing requires you to have your own point of view on an issue or topic, critical writing requires you to consider at least two points of view, including your own. For example, you may explain a researcher's interpretation or argument and then evaluate the merits of the argument, or give your own alternative interpretation. Always question any evidence you include in your essay; ask yourself, "Does this directly support my thesis? When you are evaluating evidence, be critical and thorough. You want to use the strongest research to back up your thesis. Everything you include should have a clear connection to your topic and your argument. Know how to write a proper conclusion that supports your research. One of the most overlooked areas of academic essay writing is the conclusion. Your conclusion is what ties all your research together to prove your thesis. It should not be a restatement of your introduction or a copy-and-paste of your thesis itself. The name of the publisher, and usually the place of publication. The date of the publication. Part 4 Polishing Your Essay 1 Take a break. If you can, sleep on it and come back to it the next day, so that you can look at it with a fresh perspective. As you read, look for any obvious issues with style, flow, and organization. If it helps, read the essay out loud to yourself. Make note of anything that jumps out at you as needing improvement. As you read, keep the following questions in mind: [17] Is your writing concise? Are there any words or sentences that you could cut out? Is your writing clear? Does everything make sense? Is the essay well-organized? Is there anything that would flow better if it was arranged in a different order? Do you need to make the transitions between sections flow more smoothly? As you read over your essay, consider whether the language you use is appropriate for academic writing. Keep your language and tone formal and objective. Proofreading is the nitty-gritty task of catching and correcting issues like formatting problems, typos, spelling errors, punctuation errors, and grammar mistakes. Read your essay slowly, line by line, and correct any problems that you see. When it comes to revising your writing, two sets of eyes are definitely better than one. If you can, have a friend or classmate read over your essay before you finalize it and hand it in. Hook your reader by piquing interest and curiosity The first sentence of the introduction should pique the interest of your reader. This sentence is sometimes called the hook. It might be a question, a quote, a surprising statistic, or a bold statement emphasizing the relevance of the topic. The hook could be something like this: The invention of Braille marked a major turning point in the history of disability. Provide background and context on your topic After you have hooked the reader, it is important to give context that will help your reader understand your argument. This might involve providing background information, giving an overview of important academic work or debates on the topic, and explaining difficult terms.

Another way of keeping your reader academic is to bring your essay to life with details about method and location, essay as creative writers do. Essays can become quite dry if you focus solely on the writing problems, but you can for them more interesting by peppering them with details.